Pinocytosis was induced in rat kidney by exposure to horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Pinocytic vesicle preparations were enriched after homogenization of kidney cortex by differential centrifugation and free-flow electrophoresis with HRP as an exogenous marker. Vesicles were identified by enzymatic analysis and by electron microscopy, including specific staining procedures. Typical brush-border enzymes such as alkaline phosphatase, aminopeptidase, 5'-nucleotidase, lysosomal acid phosphatase, and mitochondrial succinic dehydrogenase were reduced in the vesicular fraction, compared to the kidney cortex homogenate. Glucose-6-phosphatase and Na+-K+-ATPase were only slightly increased in the fraction. These results indicate that preparations of pinocytic vesicles from rat kidney cortex can be enriched. They have biochemical characteristics that differ from those of the cell organelles and membranes previously purified from renal tissue.

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