DNA preparations obtained from several tissues of Rhynchosciara americana and two related species, R. milleri and R. papaveroi, were hybridized to R. americana rRNA. The percentage of hybridization was found to be higher in tissues with low polyteny than in tissues with high polyteny, suggesting a relationship between the amount of rDNA and the tissue polyteny. This could be explained by under-replication of ribosomal cistrons in polytene cells, such as those from the salivary gland. Only slight tissue-dependent changes in the percentages of hybridization can be observed in heterologous hybridization using Xenopus laevis rRNA. The possibility that these experiments could not detect differences in the amount of ribosomal cistrons among tissues is discussed. The female:male ratio for the percentages of hybridization in the salivary gland of R. americana agrees with the results obtained by in situ hybridization experiments (16, 17) which have shown that the rRNA cistrons are distributed among chromosomes other than chromosome X.

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