Using standard osmium fixation and methacrylate embedding techniques, a study has been made of the melanocyte of human biopsy skin removed under general and local anaesthesia. Melanogenesis was easily observable in the melanocytes, but immature pigment granules were rarely seen in the Malpighian cells. The passage of melanin from melanocyte to Malpighian cell—cytocrine secretion—is thought to have been observed. Phagocytes near the dermal-epidermal junction seem to have their pigment granules in vacuoles, rather than surrounded directly by the cytoplasmic matrix as in the melanocytes. This, together with the failure to observe "effete" melanocytes, prompts the suggestion that the phagocytes are melanocytes which have migrated from the epidermis into the dermis.

A melanin granule is shown with alternating dark and lighter transverse striations, concerning which structure little can at present be said.

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