Macromolecular syntheses in encysted Tetrahymena patula were studied using Feulgen fluorescence cytophotometry, autoradiography, and inhibitors of RNA and protein synthesis. Cycloheximide significantly depressed protein synthesis and D-actinomycin effectively blocked RNA synthesis. Under these conditions, the cells within the cyst were unable to divide. Both cytophotometric measurements and autoradiographic data with tritiated thymidine show that DNA synthesis does not occur during the encystment divisions. Excysted cells placed in nutrient broth medium showed a prolonged generation time after the first cell growth cycle, and by the third generation the mean DNA content per cell was almost triple that of starved excysted cells. These findings indicate that (a) the encystment divisions require RNA and protein synthesis, which are apparently effected through turnover, (b) the encystment division cycles occur in the absence of DNA synthesis, and (c) excysted cells placed in culture medium may go through more than one DNA replication per cell cycle.

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