The peroxidatic activity of hemoglobin permitted visualization of its uptake by rat hepatocytes by means of the Graham-Karnovsky 3,3'-diaminobenzidine (DAB) procedure. Lysosomes were visualized by their acid phosphatase, ß-glucuronidase, and glucosaminidase activities. When large doses of rat, cow, or human hemoglobin are intravenously injected, or when hemoglobinemia is induced by injection of distilled water, DAB-positive hemoglobin is engulfed by pinocytosis. Pinocytotic vacuoles become digestive vacuoles ("phagolysosomes") by fusion with lysosomes of the dense body type that have moved from their pericanalicular position. By 16–24 hr after even massive amounts of hemoglobin (400 mg/100 g), the protein is barely demonstrable in hepatocytes. At the lowest doses of injected hemoglobin (15 mg/100 g body weight), DAB-positive vacuoles are demonstrable only in the Kupffer cells.

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