Fragmented sarcoplasmic reticulum (FSR) from rabbit muscle was examined by positive staining, negative staining, and freeze-etch electron microscopic techniques in the absence and presence of calcium transport conditions. The existence of 30–40 A particles covering the outer surface of FSR vesicles was confirmed by two different negative stains in unfixed, glutaraldehyde-fixed and osmium tetroxide-fixed material. Freeze-etch microscopy revealed a second type of particle, 80–90 A in diameter, on the fractured surfaces of FSR vesicles. Following calcium oxalate accumulation, negative and positive staining techniques provided evidence for large nodular deposits within FSR vesicles which probably correspond to calcium oxalate crystals and are responsible for increments in turbidity during calcium oxalate accumulation. The most probable configuration of FSR vesicles in solution is spherical. "Tadpole" or tubular configurations were not seen by freeze-etch microscopy, positive staining, or in prefixed negatively stained material.

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