The two-wavelength method of microspectrophotometry corrects for distributional error and measures the amount of absorbing material by taking advantage of certain spectral characteristics of the specimen. Under certain circumstances, such as the absorption of nucleic acids in the ultraviolet and of black or multiple stains in the visible, the spectral characteristics are not suitable for the application of the method. To circumvent this, a photomicrograph of the object is taken with monochromatic light of a suitable wavelength. A second plate is exposed as a contact print of the photomicrograph and is developed in the presence of a coupling agent. After bleaching and fixation, the positive appears as a monochromatic color transparency. Two-wavelength analysis of such a transparency can be made in terms of the new color. The measurements will be free of distributional error and can be equated to the original object. The necessary formulae are derived, and a method which has proven suitable for color development is given. The photographic and the direct two-wavelength method were found to give equivalent results when both were used on the same series of liver nuclei. The application of the photographic method to ultraviolet absorption has been demonstrated. The new method is potentially applicable to other types of photographic densitometry involving heterogeneous images.
The Two-Wavelength Method of Microspectrophotometry : III. An Extension Based on Photographic Color Transparencies
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Mortimer L. Mendelsohn; The Two-Wavelength Method of Microspectrophotometry : III. An Extension Based on Photographic Color Transparencies . J Biophys and Biochem Cytol 25 July 1958; 4 (4): 425–431. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.4.4.425
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