Treatment of rat liver mitochondria with digitonin followed by differential centrifugation was used to resolve the intramitochondrial localization of both soluble and particulate enzymes. Rat liver mitochondria were separated into three fractions: inner membrane plus matrix, outer membrane, and a soluble fraction containing enzymes localized between the membranes plus some solublized outer membrane. Monoamine oxidase, kynurenine hydroxylase, and rotenone-insensitive NADH-cytochrome c reductase were found primarily in the outer membrane fraction. Succinate-cytochrome c reductase, succinate dehydrogenase, cytochrome oxidase, ß-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, lipoamide dehydrogenase, NAD- and NADH-isocitrate dehydrogenase, glutamate dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase, and ornithine transcarbamoylase were found in the inner membrane-matrix fraction. Nucleoside diphosphokinase was found in both the outer membrane and soluble fractions; this suggests a dual localization. Adenylate kinase was found entirely in the soluble fraction and was released at a lower digitonin concentration than was the outer membrane; this suggests that this enzyme is localized between the two membranes. The inner membrane-matrix fraction was separated into inner membrane and matrix by treatment with the nonionic detergent Lubrol, and this separation was used as a basis for calculating the relative protein content of the mitochondrial components. The inner membrane-matrix fraction retained a high degree of morphological and biochemical integrity and exhibited a high respiratory rate and respiratory control when assayed in a sucrose-mannitol medium containing EDTA.

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