The renal corpuscles of adult, C3H Swiss, male mice contain testosterone-sensitive, columnar cells in the parietal layer of Bowman's capsule. A study of the normal fine structure of these cells reveals several distinctive characteristics: a microvillous brush border; apical tubular invaginations and apical tubules; an elaborate infolding of the basal surface membrane forming cellular compartments, which contain numerous mitochondria; and a complex group of membrane-limited cytoplasmic inclusions. This appearance is remarkably similar to the fine structure of cells in the proximal convoluted tubule. 1 hr after an in vivo injection of horseradish peroxidase, numerous protein-absorption droplets occur in the columnar cell cytoplasm. The speed and cytomorphology of protein transport by these capsular cells closely resemble the handling of peroxidase by the proximal convoluted tubule. Origins for these testosterone-sensitive cells are discussed briefly. Morphological evidence is presented for the differentiation of squamous cells in Bowman's parietal capsule into columnar cells, which appear structurally and functionally identical with proximal convoluted tubular epithelium.

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