Studies of newt (Triturus or Diemictylus viridescens) erythropoietic cells showed that DNA synthesis and mitosis normally occur throughout most of the developmental process. Mitotic divisions were found in all immature precursor stages from the proerythroblast to the highly hemoglobinized reticulocyte. Mitoses were absent in mature erythrocytes. Radioautographic examination of thymidine-3H incorporation into DNA revealed that all erythroid cells except the mature erythrocyte were labeled. Microphotometric measurements of Feulgen-stained smears showed that all immature stages were undergoing DNA synthesis whereas the mature erythrocyte was inactive. The results obtained from three independent methods clearly demonstrate that (a) no loss of DNA or of chromosomes occurs during erythrocytic development and (b) highly hemoglobinized and, therefore, well-differentiated cells normally do undergo DNA synthesis and mitosis.

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