The organization of Phalacrocleptes verruciformis is, in general, less complex than that of other ciliates, and no kinetosomes have been observed. However, there are numerous suctorial tentacles at the surface of the body, and the pellicle is characterized by close-set villus-like projections. The tentacles are very small (about 430 mµ in length, and about the same in diameter), but show the essential features of tentacles of suctorians such as Tokophrya, Podophrya, and Ephelota. Each tentacle is reinforced by eight pairs of fibrils arranged concentrically just within its wall, and contains a single missile-like body (MLB). The tentacles become attached to the cilia of the host, and serve for feeding upon the plasmatic contents of the cilia as well as for maintaining contact with the host. The MLB's originate in the endoplasm, and then migrate toward the surface and become incorporated into the tentacles. When feeding is initiated, the membrane covering the outermost nozzle-like portion of the MLB becomes continuous with the membrane of the cilium, and there are other changes in the structure of the MLB which suggest enzymatic activity. Although it appears that Phalacrocleptes is a suctorian, the complete absence of kinetosomes sets this organism apart from other members of the group.
THE ULTRASTRUCTURE OF PHALACROCLEPTES VERRUCIFORMIS, AN UNCILIATED CILIATE PARASITIZING THE POLYCHAETE SCHIZOBRANCHIA INSIGNIS
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Jiři Lom, Eugene N. Kozloff; THE ULTRASTRUCTURE OF PHALACROCLEPTES VERRUCIFORMIS, AN UNCILIATED CILIATE PARASITIZING THE POLYCHAETE SCHIZOBRANCHIA INSIGNIS . J Cell Biol 1 May 1967; 33 (2): 355–364. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.33.2.355
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