Chromatophore material from the bacterium Rhodopseudomonas spheroides was freed of ribosomes by centrifugation in 27 per cent RbCl and then separated into "heavy" and "light" fractions by centrifugation through a sucrose gradient. The fractions differed from one another in the following ways. (a) The isopycnic density of the heavy fraction was between 1.15 and 1.18 gm/ml and that of the light fraction was 1.14 gm/ml. (b) The heavy fraction was able to bind ribosomes; the light fraction was not. (c) The light fraction was homogeneous in the ultracentrifuge and had a sedimentation constant, extrapolated to infinite dilution, of 153 s20,w. The heavy fraction was grossly heterogeneous. (d) Both the amount of bacteriochlorophyll relative to protein and the ratio of bacteriochlorophyll to carotenoids were greater in the light fraction. (e) The spectra of the two fractions in the near infra-red were different. Comparisons of the chromatophore fractions from cells with different amounts of bacteriochlorophyll showed that the specific bacteriochlorophyll contents of the two fractions did not change to the same extent as did that of the whole cells. The amount of heavy fraction from pigmented cells was roughly independent of the cellular pigment content and was about equal to that from pigment-free cells. The amount of light fraction depended on the pigment content of the cells; no light fraction was obtained from cells devoid of bacteriochlorophyll. The cytochrome complements of both fractions underwent quantitative as well as qualitative changes with varying growth conditions. The size of the photosynthetic unit in R. spheroides appeared to increase as the total cellular bacteriochlorophyll content increased; however, the number of units per light fraction particle remained constant.

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