Several different epithelial elements that have intense active transport or protein secretory functions were histochemically assayed in several dehydrogenase media by a recently perfected method. The mitochondria represented the only site of activity, not only when tested in the succinate and D-ß-hydroxybutyrate media, but also when tested in the lactate, malate, and isocitrate media. The reaction for D-ß-hydroxybutyric dehydrogenase in the mouse kidney was curiously limited to the mitochondria of the distal segment of the proximal convoluted tubule, a finding that most convincingly shows that dehydrogenase activity may be differentiated in certain instances from diaphorase activity by the ditetrazole methods and that D-ß-hydroxybutyric dehydrogenase is not present in all mitochondria. Tetranitro-BT is favored over nitro-BT in studies conducted on most organs prepared without fixation and on formalin-fixed tissues that consist of lipid-containing or active transport cells.

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