Nuclei from isolated nerve cells were sampled by microdissection. The content and composition of the nuclear RNA was studied and compared with that of the cytoplasmic RNA of Deiters' nerve cells of rabbits. Analyses were made of control nerve cells and of cells in which an enhanced RNA and protein production had been induced by chemical means, tricyano-amino-propene, for 60 minutes. The nuclear RNA content of the control nerve cells was 56 µµg, i.e. 3 per cent of the total RNA content of the nerve cell. The base ratios were: adenine 21.3, guanine 26.6, cytosine 30.8, uracil 21.3. Purine-pyrimidine analyses showed that the nuclear RNA differed significantly from the cytoplasmic RNA in having higher adenine and uracil values. The guanine and cytosine values were high, however, and the ratio G/C was 0.86 as compared with 1.16 for the cytoplasmic RNA. The composition of the nuclear RNA was interpreted as reflecting the extraordinarily strong development of the nucleolus in these neurons. During the 60 minutes of enhanced neuronal RNA production (+25 per cent) the guanine value increased and the uracil value decreased significantly in the nuclear RNA. In the cytoplasmic RNA the guanine value also increased although not so much as the nuclear guanine. The cytoplasmic cytosine value decreased. The result indicated that the production of the characteristic cytoplasmic RNA had been influenced by the change in the nuclear RNA

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