Mouse embryonic fibroblasts that are deficient in the two mannose 6-phosphate receptors (MPRs) MPR 46 and MPR 300 missort the majority (> or = 85%) of soluble lysosomal proteins into the medium. Human MPR 46 and MPR 300 were expressed in these cells to test whether overexpression of a single type of MPR can restore transport of lysosomal proteins to lysosomes. Only a partial correction of the missorting was observed after overexpression of MPR 46. Even at MPR 46 levels that are five times higher than the wild-type level, more than one third of the newly synthesized lysosomal proteins accumulates in the secretions. Two-fold overexpression of MPR 300 completely corrects the missorting of lysosomal enzymes. However, at least one fourth of the lysosomal enzymes are transported along a secretion-recapture pathway that is sensitive to mannose 6-phosphate in medium. In control fibroblasts that express both types of MPR, the secretion-recapture pathway is of minor importance. These results imply that neither overexpression of MPR 46 nor MPR 300 is sufficient for targeting of lysosomal proteins along intracellular routes.
Neither type of mannose 6-phosphate receptor is sufficient for targeting of lysosomal enzymes along intracellular routes.
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D Kasper, F Dittmer, K von Figura, R Pohlmann; Neither type of mannose 6-phosphate receptor is sufficient for targeting of lysosomal enzymes along intracellular routes.. J Cell Biol 1 August 1996; 134 (3): 615–623. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.134.3.615
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