Study of the tropic responses of Botrytis cinerea and Osmunda cinnamomea spores to blue light shows the photoreceptor molecules to be highly dichroic and oriented: in Botrytis their axes of maximum absorption lie perpendicular to the nearby cell surface; in Osmunda, parallel. The chief evidence lies in a comparison of their responses to plane polarized light—both germinate parallel to the vibration planes (defined by the axis of vibration of the electric vector and the axis of light propagation)—with those to partial illumination with unpolarized light: Botrytis grows from its brighter part; Osmunda, from its darker. The degree of orientation produced by polarized light corresponds, at high intensities, to that produced by the imposition of such large (about 100 per cent) intensity differences across a cell as to preclude all alternatives to oriented dichroic receptors. The photoreceptors of the Botrytis spore lie within the cell wall's inner half. The chief evidence lies in the component of its tropic responses to polarized light within the vibration plane: germination peaks about 10° off the vibration axis. This deviation arises from focusing which is effective only in the wall's inner half. At high intensities, anomalies appear in Botrytis which are interpreted as "centering," i.e., a tendency toward growth from the center of two or more equally illuminated points of a cell rather than from one of them.

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