An mAb library was produced against proteins from the germinal vesicle (GV) of the frog Xenopus laevis; mAb 104 was selected from this library on the basis of its immunofluorescent staining of lampbrush chromosome loops. Chromosomes from several species of frogs and salamanders stained equally well. The antibody also stained the surface of numerous small granules in the GV nucleoplasm. The interior of the same granules was stained by antibodies against small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs). mAb 104 also stained somatic nuclei from many vertebrate and invertebrate species, usually in a finely punctate pattern similar to that described for anti-snRNP and other antinuclear antibodies. The staining of somatic nuclei was much stronger during the mitotic stages than during interphase. Immunoblot analysis showed that mAb 104 recognizes a phosphorylated epitope.

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