Microspores isolated from Lilium longiflorum and Trillium erectum were studied with respect to their capacities for phosphorylating deoxyribosides in vitro. It was found that such capacities are manifest only during brief intervals of time adjacent to periods of DNA synthesis, and that none of the neighboring cells in the anther acquire them. The observed patterns of behavior are interpreted in terms of enzyme induction as a device for regulating DNA synthesis.