Acetylcholine receptor-rich membranes from the electric organ of Torpedo californica are enriched in the four different subunits of the acetylcholine receptor and in two peripheral membrane proteins at 43 and 300 kD. We produced monoclonal antibodies against the 300-kD protein and have used these antibodies to determine the location of the protein, both in the electric organ and in skeletal muscle. Antibodies to the 300-kD protein were characterized by Western blots, binding assays to isolated membranes, and immunofluorescence on tissue. In Torpedo electric organ, antibodies to the 300-kD protein stain only the innervated face of the electrocytes. The 300-kD protein is on the intracellular surface of the postsynaptic membrane, since antibodies to the 300-kD protein bind more efficiently to saponin-permeabilized, right side out membranes than to intact membranes. Some antibodies against the Torpedo 300-kD protein cross-react with amphibian and mammalian neuromuscular synapses, and the cross-reacting protein is also highly concentrated on the intracellular surface of the post-synaptic membrane.

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