Pancreatic lobules from fasted rats secrete pulse-labeled proteins in two phases comprising 15 and 85% of basal output, respectively. The first (0-6.5 h) is initially (less than or equal to 0.5 h) unstimulated by secretagogues, probably represents vesicular traffic of Golgi and post-Golgi origin (including condensing vaculoles/immature granules), and notably contains two groups of polypeptides with distinct release rates: zymogens (t1/2 approximately 2.4 h) and minor nonzymogens plus one unique zymogen (t1/2 approximately 1 h). The second phase (peak at 9-10 h) is stimulable, probably represents basal granule exocytosis (t1/2 approximately 5 h), and contains zymogens exclusively. Newly synthesized proteins released in both phases appear asynchronously, reiterating their asynchronous transport through intracellular compartments. Zymogens in both phases are secreted apically. The sorting of first from second phase zymogen release does not appear to be carrier-mediated, although the sorting of zymogens from other secretory proteins may use this process. Finally, data are presented that suggest that both secretory phases are subject to physiologic regulation.

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