Rabbit antiserum raised against highest molecular weight microtubule-associated protein (MAP-1) of brain immunoprecipitated 350,000-, 300,000-, and 80,000-mol-wt phosphoproteins of rat embryo fibroblasts (3Y1-B). The 350,000-mol-wt protein was sensitive to heat as was brain MAP-1, but the 300,000- and 80,000-mol-wt proteins were not. These polypeptides were hardly phosphorylated in cells in the quiescent G0 phase but were rapidly phosphorylated after addition of serum, epidermal growth factor, phorbol ester, insulin, or transferrin in the presence of calcium ions. All these agents also induced incorporation of [3H]-thymidine into DNA. These polypeptides were detected in isolated microtubules and cold-resistant filaments by immunoblotting. Since the 350,000-mol-wt polypeptide was detected in the membrane, the cytoskeletons, and the nucleus, and has been suggested to function as a linker, its rapid phosphorylation might represent an early process in transduction of the signal of mitogenic stimulation to the nucleus.

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