The differentiation of cat spermatids was studied in thin sections examined with the electron microscope. The Golgi complex of the spermatid consists of a central aggregation of minute vacuoles, partially surrounded by a lamellar arrangement of flattened vesicles. In the formation of the acrosome, one or more moderately dense homogeneous granules arise within vacuoles of the Golgi complex. The coalescence of these vacuoles and their contained granules gives rise to a single acrosomal granule within a sizable membrane-limited vacuole, termed the acrosomal vesicle. This adheres to the nuclear membrane and later becomes closely applied to the anterior two-thirds of the elongating nucleus to form a closed bilaminar head cap. The substance of the acrosomal granule occupies the narrow cleft between the membranous layers of the cap.
The caudal sheath is comprised of many straight filaments extending backward from a ring which encircles the nucleus at the posterior margin of the head cap.
Attention is directed to the frequent occurrence of pairs of spermatids joined by a protoplasmic bridge and the origin and possible significance of this relationship are discussed.