We have derived a line of A431 human tumor cells infected with Rous sarcoma virus (RSV). The infected cells contain the RSV-transforming protein, pp60src, which has characteristic tyrosine specific protein kinase activity. As in other RSV-transformed cells, a 36,000-dalton protein is phosphorylated in RSV-infected A431 cells. Addition of epidermal growth factor (EGF) to the cells induces further phosphorylation of this protein. In contrast, this phosphoprotein is not detected in uninfected A431 cells, except when treated with EGF. Increased phosphorylation of the EGF receptor protein and of an 81,000-dalton cellular protein is dependent upon addition of EGF to the culture fluids, in both control and RSV-infected A431 cells. The results are discussed with reference to the similarities and differences between the tyrosine-specific protein kinases induced by RSV and activated by EGF.

This content is only available as a PDF.