The nature of hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal neurosecretion was examined in the rat by means of intraventricular injections of tritiated amino acids. Quantitation of autoradiographs was used at the light microscope level to study the sites of synthesis of proteins and their time of arrival in the neural lobe. Electron microscope autoradiographs were used to study the labeling of neural lobe tissue. It was concluded that the great majority of the labeled material was translocated inside dense-cored granules and was probably composed mostly of neurophysins.

The effect of ether anesthesia was also examined. It was found to remove the dense cores from about 20% of the granules in the neural lobe tissue, a process accompanied by the loss of most of their labeled material. The mechanism of the ether effect is discussed and compared to the normal secretion process.

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