The cell surface has been isolated from uninucleate, freshwater, phagocytic amoebae by a new procedure. Several criteria were employed to demonstrate purity of the cell surface fraction. All morphological components of the tripartite surface were present in the isolated surface and the weight of the isolated surface was quantitatively accounted for by the components analyzed. Chemical analyses showed the presence of lipid, protein, and carbohydrate. Mannose was the predominant neutral sugar. Analyses for three different strains of Amoeba were similar. Phosphate was found to be the major anionic group in the cell surface material. Sulfate, uronic acid, sialic acid, muramic acid, and nonamidated glutamic acid and aspartic acid were absent. Evidence is presented suggesting that the phosphate is associated with an unidentified nonreducing polyol.

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