The fine structure of the sarcoplasmic reticulum and the transverse tubular system of the femoral muscle of the cockroach, Leucophaea maderae, was studied after prefixation in glutaraldehyde, postfixation in osmium tetroxide, and embedding in Epon. The sarcoplasmic reticulum in this muscle reveals features not previously reported. The sarcoplasmic reticulum is abundant, consisting mainly of a fenestrated envelope which surrounds each myofibril at all levels in the sarcomere. This sarcoplasmic reticulum envelope is continuous transversally as well as longitudinally along the myofibrils. Dyadic junctions are formed by a single T system element which contacts the unfenestrated sarcoplasmic reticulum of adjacent myofibrils in an alternating manner at the ends of the A band. At the dyads, regularly spaced thickenings of the sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes bordering the dyadic spaces are noted. These thickenings, however, do not contact the T tubule membrane. Typical dyadic contacts also are seen between the cell surface membrane and sarcoplasmic reticulum. Z line-like material is seen in contact with the membranes of the cell surface and longitudinal branches of the T systems.

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