Tritiated diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) was used to phosphorylate acetylcholinesterase (AChase) in the motor end plate of mouse sternomastoid muscle, and its distribution within the end plate was evaluated quantitatively by electron microscope radioautography. With the use of emulsion layers whose sensitivity to tritium had been calibrated, the density of AChase in different components of the end plate was calculated. The AChase was primarily localized (85%) in the junctional fold region. The concentration of AChase there was more than 20,000 active sites per cubic micron of tissue. The resolution of the technique was not sufficient to determine whether there was some AChase in the nerve end bulb; however, if there is any there, the concentration must be less than 10% of that at the junctional fold region.

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