Flagellates of Naegleria gruberi have an interconnected flagellar apparatus consisting of nucleus, rhizoplast and accessory filaments, basal bodies, and flagella. The structures of these components have been found to be similar to those in other flagellates. The development of methods for obtaining the relatively synchronous transformation of populations of Naegleria amebae into flagellates has permitted a study of the development of the flagellar apparatus. No indications of rhizoplast, basal body, or flagellum structures could be detected in amebae. A basal body appears and assumes a position at the cell surface with its filaments perpendicular to the cell membrane. Axoneme filaments extend from the basal body filaments into a progressive evagination of the cell membrane which becomes the flagellum sheath. Continued elongation of the axoneme filaments leads to differentiation of a fully formed flagellum with a typical "9 + 2" organization, within 10 min after the appearance of basal bodies.

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