The addition of latex particles to native (no anticoagulant) or citrated human platelet-rich plasma (PRP), or to a once-washed platelet suspension causes platelet aggregation. This aggregation is associated with phagocytosis of the latex particles by the platelets and appears to be due to release of adenosine diphosphate (ADP) from the platelets. Adenosine and adenosine monophosphate, which are known to inhibit platelet aggregation induced by ADP, also block that induced by latex. These compounds do not prevent the phagocytosis of latex particles by the platelet. The addition of iodoacetate and 2,4-dinitrophenol in appropriate concentrations to the PRP, prior to the addition of the latex, blocks platelet aggregation and phagocytosis. This is also true for the chelating agent ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA). Platelets left in contact with latex for a sufficient period of time show loss of their granules. Leucocytes phagocytose both latex and platelets that had themselves phagocytosed latex. It is concluded that phagocytosis of latex particles by platelets resembles that by white cells, and that in both processes metabolic changes appear to be involved.

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