Vol. 210 No. 3, August 3, 2015. Pages 419–433.

In Figures 14, arrows and arrowheads were inadvertently misplaced during the production process. Below are the corrected versions of the figures.

Figure 1.

Dynamics of F-actin, E-cadherin, and Myosin at wound edges. (A) Time course of wound closure in Drosophila embryo expressing GFP-Moesin in the epidermis. Arrowheads indicate representative wound edge actin puncta. (B) The epidermis of a Drosophila embryo expressing the F-actin probe mCherry-Moesin (magenta) and E-cadherin–GFP (green) was wounded at the position marked by a yellow star and subjected to time-lapse live imaging. Bottom images show enlarged and enhanced images of the areas indicated by yellow squares in middle images. Arrowheads indicate actin puncta appearing at former-TCJs. Arrows indicate pronounced accumulations of E-cadherin where neighboring cells abut one another at the wound edge. (C) Cartoon illustrating the relationship between actin assembly and cell–cell junctions during wound healing. (D) Wound healing in an embryo expressing GFP-Zipper and mCherry-Moesin. W indicates position of wound. Arrowheads indicate myosin accumulations appearing and then enlarging at former-TCJs along the wound edge. Arrows indicate the formation of a link between two neighboring myosin accumulations. See also Video 1. (E) Wound closure was live imaged in embryos expressing GFP-Moesin and the prevalence of actin puncta, cable, and protrusions throughout the process was quantified as described in Materials and methods (graphs show means ± SEM; n = 10–15 embryos). (F) GFP-Moesin–expressing embryos were wounded, and wound area throughout closure was measured. (left) Wound area in first 10 min after wounding plotted against time at 20-s intervals. Data from four individual embryos are shown. The wounds expanded until ∼5 min and then began to reduce in area. (middle) Wound area throughout closure for 15 individual wounds of varying size measured at 15-min intervals until 65 min after wounding. Note that the wounds all close over a broadly consistent time course and with similar dynamics. (right) Data in middle graph were normalized against the area at 5 min. Time points indicate time after wounding (minutes and seconds) in A, B, and D. Bars: (A and B) 10 µm; (D) 5 µm.

Figure 1.

Dynamics of F-actin, E-cadherin, and Myosin at wound edges. (A) Time course of wound closure in Drosophila embryo expressing GFP-Moesin in the epidermis. Arrowheads indicate representative wound edge actin puncta. (B) The epidermis of a Drosophila embryo expressing the F-actin probe mCherry-Moesin (magenta) and E-cadherin–GFP (green) was wounded at the position marked by a yellow star and subjected to time-lapse live imaging. Bottom images show enlarged and enhanced images of the areas indicated by yellow squares in middle images. Arrowheads indicate actin puncta appearing at former-TCJs. Arrows indicate pronounced accumulations of E-cadherin where neighboring cells abut one another at the wound edge. (C) Cartoon illustrating the relationship between actin assembly and cell–cell junctions during wound healing. (D) Wound healing in an embryo expressing GFP-Zipper and mCherry-Moesin. W indicates position of wound. Arrowheads indicate myosin accumulations appearing and then enlarging at former-TCJs along the wound edge. Arrows indicate the formation of a link between two neighboring myosin accumulations. See also Video 1. (E) Wound closure was live imaged in embryos expressing GFP-Moesin and the prevalence of actin puncta, cable, and protrusions throughout the process was quantified as described in Materials and methods (graphs show means ± SEM; n = 10–15 embryos). (F) GFP-Moesin–expressing embryos were wounded, and wound area throughout closure was measured. (left) Wound area in first 10 min after wounding plotted against time at 20-s intervals. Data from four individual embryos are shown. The wounds expanded until ∼5 min and then began to reduce in area. (middle) Wound area throughout closure for 15 individual wounds of varying size measured at 15-min intervals until 65 min after wounding. Note that the wounds all close over a broadly consistent time course and with similar dynamics. (right) Data in middle graph were normalized against the area at 5 min. Time points indicate time after wounding (minutes and seconds) in A, B, and D. Bars: (A and B) 10 µm; (D) 5 µm.

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Figure 2.

SCAR function in actin remodeling at wound edges. (A) Control and SCARΔ37 zygotic mutant embryos expressing GFP-Moesin were wounded and subjected to time-lapse imaging. Time points after wounding (minutes and seconds) are indicated. Note that although the actin puncta (arrowheads) and cable (single allows) appear in both the control and mutant embryos, the formation of actin protrusions (double allows) is severely reduced in the mutant, making its wound circumference markedly smoother than that of control. See also Video 2. Bar, 10 µm. (B) Quantitation of wound edge actin puncta, cable, and protrusion levels in control and zygotic SCARΔ37 embryos in the early phase of wound closure. n = 7–9 embryos. (C) Quantitation of wound closure in control and SCARΔ37 zygotic mutant embryos. Wound areas were normalized to the value at 5 min after wounding and plotted against time, as in Fig. 1 F. n = 4–17 embryos. Graphs show means ± SEM of the data.

Figure 2.

SCAR function in actin remodeling at wound edges. (A) Control and SCARΔ37 zygotic mutant embryos expressing GFP-Moesin were wounded and subjected to time-lapse imaging. Time points after wounding (minutes and seconds) are indicated. Note that although the actin puncta (arrowheads) and cable (single allows) appear in both the control and mutant embryos, the formation of actin protrusions (double allows) is severely reduced in the mutant, making its wound circumference markedly smoother than that of control. See also Video 2. Bar, 10 µm. (B) Quantitation of wound edge actin puncta, cable, and protrusion levels in control and zygotic SCARΔ37 embryos in the early phase of wound closure. n = 7–9 embryos. (C) Quantitation of wound closure in control and SCARΔ37 zygotic mutant embryos. Wound areas were normalized to the value at 5 min after wounding and plotted against time, as in Fig. 1 F. n = 4–17 embryos. Graphs show means ± SEM of the data.

Close modal
Figure 3.

Dia function in actin remodeling at wound edges. (A) Time-lapse imaging of GFP-Moesin expressed in a control or dia5 M/Z embryo. Yellow single arrows indicate actin protrusions; yellow double arrows indicate actin cable. Blue double arrows in the dia5 M/Z images indicate diffuse assemblies of F-actin within a wound edge cell, which appear at 2 min, move upwards in the cell until 4 min and disappear by 6 min. See also Video 3. The denticles indicated by the green and magenta arrowheads in the dia5 M/Z images are visible in the kymograph in C. (B) Quantitation of wound edge actin puncta, cable, and protrusion levels in control, dia5 M/Z, and dia5 M/Df embryos in the early phase of wound closure. n = 9–13 embryos. (C) Kymograph analysis of the correlation between the formation of diffuse F-actin assemblies and cell contraction. The two denticles indicated by the green and magenta arrowheads in this panel and in A are equivalent. Note that the distance between the two denticles decreases when assemblies of F-actin (equivalent to blue double arrows in A) appear between them (bracket), consistent with this F-actin causing cell contraction. Images taken every 10 s until 4 min after wounding are shown. (D) Quantitation of wound closure in control and dia5 M/Df embryos. Wound areas were normalized to the value at 5 min after wounding and plotted against time. n = 3–13 embryos. (E) Time-lapse imaging of GFP-Spaghetti-squash expressed in a control (+/Df) or dia5 M/Df embryo. Time points indicate time after wounding (minutes and seconds). Graphs show means ± SEM of the data. Bars, 10 µm.

Figure 3.

Dia function in actin remodeling at wound edges. (A) Time-lapse imaging of GFP-Moesin expressed in a control or dia5 M/Z embryo. Yellow single arrows indicate actin protrusions; yellow double arrows indicate actin cable. Blue double arrows in the dia5 M/Z images indicate diffuse assemblies of F-actin within a wound edge cell, which appear at 2 min, move upwards in the cell until 4 min and disappear by 6 min. See also Video 3. The denticles indicated by the green and magenta arrowheads in the dia5 M/Z images are visible in the kymograph in C. (B) Quantitation of wound edge actin puncta, cable, and protrusion levels in control, dia5 M/Z, and dia5 M/Df embryos in the early phase of wound closure. n = 9–13 embryos. (C) Kymograph analysis of the correlation between the formation of diffuse F-actin assemblies and cell contraction. The two denticles indicated by the green and magenta arrowheads in this panel and in A are equivalent. Note that the distance between the two denticles decreases when assemblies of F-actin (equivalent to blue double arrows in A) appear between them (bracket), consistent with this F-actin causing cell contraction. Images taken every 10 s until 4 min after wounding are shown. (D) Quantitation of wound closure in control and dia5 M/Df embryos. Wound areas were normalized to the value at 5 min after wounding and plotted against time. n = 3–13 embryos. (E) Time-lapse imaging of GFP-Spaghetti-squash expressed in a control (+/Df) or dia5 M/Df embryo. Time points indicate time after wounding (minutes and seconds). Graphs show means ± SEM of the data. Bars, 10 µm.

Close modal
Figure 4.

WASp function in actin remodeling at wound edges. (A) Time-lapse imaging of GFP-Moesin expressed in a control or wasp3 zygotic mutant embryo. Arrowheads indicate actin puncta. Time points indicate time after wounding (minutes and seconds). Bar, 10 µm. (B) Quantitation of wound edge actin puncta (left), cable (middle), and protrusions (right). n = 7–11 embryos. (C) Quantification of wound closure. Wound areas were normalized against the value at 5 min after wounding and plotted against time. n = 6–8 embryos. Graph show means ± SEM of the data.

Figure 4.

WASp function in actin remodeling at wound edges. (A) Time-lapse imaging of GFP-Moesin expressed in a control or wasp3 zygotic mutant embryo. Arrowheads indicate actin puncta. Time points indicate time after wounding (minutes and seconds). Bar, 10 µm. (B) Quantitation of wound edge actin puncta (left), cable (middle), and protrusions (right). n = 7–11 embryos. (C) Quantification of wound closure. Wound areas were normalized against the value at 5 min after wounding and plotted against time. n = 6–8 embryos. Graph show means ± SEM of the data.

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