Autoradiographs of whole Amoeba proteus host cells fixed after the implantation of single nuclei from A. proteus donors labeled with any one of 8 different radioactive amino acids showed that the label had become highly concentrated in the host cell nucleus as well as in the donor nucleus and that the cytoplasmic activity was relatively low. When these amebae were sectioned, the radioactivity was found to be homogeneously distributed throughout the nuclei. The effect of unlabeled amino acid "chaser," the solubility of the labeled material, and the long-term behavior of the labeled material gave evidence that the radioactivity was in protein. At equilibrium, the host cell nucleus contained approximately 30 per cent of the radioactivity distributed between the two nuclei. This unequal nuclear distribution is attributed to the presence of two classes of nuclear proteins: a non-migratory one that does not leave the nucleus during interphase, and a migratory one, called cytonucleoprotein, that shuttles between nucleus and cytoplasm in a non-random manner. It is estimated that between 12 per cent and 44 per cent of the cytonucleoproteins are present in the cytoplasm of a binucleate cell at any one moment. Nuclei of Chaos chaos host cells also concentrated label acquired from implanted radioactive A. proteus nuclei.
THE CYTONUCLEOPROTEINS OF AMEBAE : I. Some Chemical Properties and Intracellular Distribution
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Thomas J. Byers, Dorothy B. Platt, Lester Goldstein; THE CYTONUCLEOPROTEINS OF AMEBAE : I. Some Chemical Properties and Intracellular Distribution . J Cell Biol 1 December 1963; 19 (3): 453–466. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.19.3.453
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