The retinula of the compound eye of the worker honey-bee has been examined with the electron microscope. The rhabdom lies on the ommatidial axis; it is usually cylindrical in shape, about 3 to 4 µ in diameter, and lacks an axial cavity. Cross-sections show it to be four parted, although it is formed from eight retinular cells (Figs. 2, 3). Each quadrant of the rhabdom consists of a closely packed parallel array of tubules with long axes perpendicular to the axis of the rhabdom. The tubules in adjacent quadrants of the rhabdom are mutually perpendicular. At the distal end of the ommatidium these tubules are seen to be microvilli of the retinular cells. Immediately surrounding the rhabdom, the cytoplasm of the retinular cells contains a membranous endoplasmic reticulum which is oriented approximately radially with respect to the axis of the ommatidium. Farther away from the rhabdom the cytoplasm contains numerous mitochondria.

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