Increasing evidence suggests that the beta gamma-subunit dimers of heterotrimeric G proteins play a pivotal role in transducing extracellular signals. The recent construction of G beta null mutants (g beta-) in Dictyostelium provides a unique opportunity to study the role of beta gamma dimers in signaling processes mediated by chemoattractant receptors. We have shown previously that g beta- cells fail to aggregate; in this study, we report the detailed characterization of these cells. The g beta- cells display normal motility but do not move towards chemattractants. The typical GTP-regulated high affinity chemoattractant-binding sites are lost in g beta- cells and membranes. The g beta- cells do not display chemoattractant-stimulated adenylyl cyclase or guanylyl cyclase activity. These results show that in vivo G beta links chemoattractant receptors to effectors and is therefore essential in many chemoattractant-mediated processes. In addition, we find that G beta is required for GTP gamma S stimulation of adenylyl cyclase activity, suggesting that the beta gamma-dimer activates the enzyme directly. Interestingly, the g beta- cells grow at the same rate as wild-type cells in axenic medium but grow more slowly on bacterial lawns and, therefore, may be defective in phagocytosis.
The G protein beta subunit is essential for multiple responses to chemoattractants in Dictyostelium.
L Wu, R Valkema, P J Van Haastert, P N Devreotes; The G protein beta subunit is essential for multiple responses to chemoattractants in Dictyostelium.. J Cell Biol 15 June 1995; 129 (6): 1667–1675. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.129.6.1667
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