The kidney plays an essential role in regulating potassium and acid balance. A major site for these regulations is in the collecting tubule. In the present study, we report the primary sequence of a novel alpha subunit of the P-ATPase gene family, which we isolated from the urinary bladder epithelium of the toad Bufo marinus, the amphibian equivalent of the mammalian collecting tubule. The cDNA encodes a protein of 1,042 amino acids which shares approximately 67% identity with the alpha 1 subunit of the ouabain-inhibitable Na,K-ATPase and approximately 69% identity with the alpha subunit of the SCH28080-inhibitable gastric H,K-ATPase. When coexpressed in Xenopus oocytes with a beta subunit isolated from the same cDNA library, the ATPase is able to transport rubidium (a potassium surrogate) inward, and hydrogen outward, leading to alkalization of the intracellular compartment and acidification of the external medium. The novel ATPase has a unique pharmacological profile showing intermediate sensitivity to both ouabain and SCH28080. Our findings indicate that the bladder ATPase is a member of a new ion motive P-ATPase subfamily. The bladder ATPase is expressed in the urinary tract but not in the stomach or the colon. This H,K-ATPase may be one of the molecules involved in H+ and K+ homeostasis, mediating the transport of these ions across urinary epithelia and therefore regulating their urinary excretion.

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