DNA from Drosophila egg chambers undergoing chorion gene amplification was analyzed using the two-dimensional gel technique of Brewer and Fangman. At stage 10, 34% of DNA molecules from the maximally amplified region of the third chromosome chorion gene cluster contained replication forks or bubbles. These nonlinear forms were intermediates in the process of amplification; they were confined to follicle cells, and were found only within the replicating region during the time of amplification. Multiple origins gave rise to these intermediates, since three separate regions of the third chromosome chorion locus contained replication bubbles. However, initiation was nonrandom; the majority of initiations appeared to occur near the Bgl II site located between the s18 and s15 chorion genes. The P[S6.9] chorion transposon also contained abundant replication intermediates in follicle cells from a transformed line. Initiation within P[S6.9] occurred near two previously defined cis-regulatory elements, one near the same Bgl II site (in the AER-d region) and one near the ACE3 element.

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