Measurements of nucleocytoplasmic transport of fluorescent-labeled macromolecules were performed in both an EGF-nonresponsive mutant fibroblast line (3T3-NR6) and in the same cell line reconstituted with active EGF receptors derived from rat hepatic membrane fraction. Immunolocalization studies of exogenously incorporated EGF receptors in reconstituted 3T3-NR6 fibroblasts demonstrated predominantly intracellular localization. The EGF receptor constructs also showed EGF-stimulated incorporation of [3H]thymidine, providing biochemical evidence for functional integration of the exogenously supplied EGF receptors into the reconstituted fibroblasts. Additional support for the functional incorporation of receptor may be inferred from the enhanced cellular accumulation of 125I-EGF in cells treated with chloroquine and leupeptin. 125I-EGF binding and transnuclear macromolecular transport measurements in mutant and reconstituted cells, in conjunction with such measurements on nuclei isolated from these cells, provide data consistent with a growth factor/nuclear signaling mechanism dependent on the nuclear acquisition of EGF binding activity from the plasma membrane.

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