The cytoadhesins represent a group of RGD receptors that belongs to the integrin superfamily of adhesion molecules. Members of this cytoadhesin family include the platelet GPIIb-IIIa and the vitronectin receptors. These glycoproteins share the same beta-subunit, which is associated with different alpha subunits to form an alpha/beta heterodimer. In the present study, we have analyzed the fine recognition specificy of the cytoadhesins from platelets and endothelial cells for the adhesive protein, fibrinogen. Two sets of synthetic peptides, RGDX peptides and peptides corresponding to the COOH terminus of the fibrinogen gamma chain, were compared for their structure-function relationships in the two cellular systems. The results indicate that: (a) both RGDX and gamma-chain peptides inhibit the binding of fibrinogen to platelets and endothelial cells; (b) a marked influence of the residue at the COOH- and NH2-terminal positions of each peptide set can be demonstrated on the two types; and (c) RGDX and gamma peptides have differential effects on platelets and endothelial cells with respect to fine structural requirements. These results clearly indicate that while the platelet and endothelial cytoadhesins may interact with similar peptidic sequences, they express a different fine structural recognition.

This content is only available as a PDF.