Fluorescence photobleaching was used to measure the effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF), insulin, and glucagon on the nuclear transport of fluorescent-labeled dextrans across the nuclear pore complex. EGF and insulin were found to stimulate transport approximately 200%, while boiling these polypeptide growth factors greatly diminished this enhancement activity. Glucagon demonstrated no enhancement effect. The nuclear transport enhancement effects were observed at EGF and insulin concentrations that elicit the various physiological responses, e.g., nanomolar range.

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