We have used a monoclonal antibody specific for a hydrocarbon-induced cytochrome P450 to localize, by electron microscopy, the epitope-specific cytochrome P450. The cytochrome was found in the rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the nuclear envelope of hepatocytes. Significant quantities of cytochrome P450 were not found in Golgi stacks. We also could not find any evidence of Golgi-associated processing of the Asn-linked oligosaccharide chains of two well-characterized ER membrane glycoprotein enzymes (glucosidase II and hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase), or of the oligosaccharides attached to the bulk of the glycoproteins of the ER membrane. We conclude that these ER membrane proteins are efficiently retained during a process of highly selective export from this organelle.

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