Mouse mammary epithelial cells, of the normal murine mammary gland (NMuMG) cell line, bear a heparan sulfate-rich proteoglycan (HSPG) on their surfaces. A hybridoma (281-2) secreting a monoclonal antibody that recognizes this HSPG was produced by fusion of SP-2/0 myeloma cells with spleen cells from rats immunized with NMuMG cells. The 281-2 monoclonal antibody is directed against the core protein of the cell surface HSPG, as demonstrated by (a) recognition of the isolated proteoglycan but not its glycosaminoglycan chains, (b) co-localization of 281-2-specific antigen and radioactive cell surface HSPG on gradient polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and on isopycnic centrifugation, and (c) abolition of immunofluorescent staining of the NMuMG cell surface by the intact, but not the protease-digested ectodomain of the cell surface HSPG. The antibody is specific for cell surface HSPG and does not recognize the HSPG that accumulates extracellularly beneath the basal cell surface. Therefore, the 281-2 antibody may be used to isolate the cell surface HSPG and to explore its distribution in tissues.

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