Clathrin-mediated endocytosis depends on polymerization of a branched actin network to provide force for membrane invagination. A key regulator in branched actin network formation is actin capping protein (CP), which binds to the barbed end of actin filaments to prevent the addition or loss of actin subunits. CP was thought to stochastically bind actin filaments, but recent evidence shows CP is regulated by a group of proteins containing CP-interacting (CPI) motifs. Importantly, how CPI motif proteins function together to regulate CP is poorly understood. Here, we show Aim21 and Bsp1 work synergistically to recruit CP to the endocytic actin network in budding yeast through their CPI motifs, which also allosterically modulate capping strength. In contrast, twinfilin works downstream of CP recruitment, regulating the turnover of CP through its CPI motif and a non-allosteric mechanism. Collectively, our findings reveal how three CPI motif proteins work together to regulate CP in a stepwise fashion during endocytosis.
Mechanism of actin capping protein recruitment and turnover during clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Disclosures: The authors declare no competing interests exist.
A.N. Fernandez’s current affiliation is Basic Science Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, Seattle, WA, USA.
- Award Id(s): MCB-1616775,MCB-2313900
Andrew K. Lamb, Andres N. Fernandez, Abdunaser Eadaim, Katelyn Johnson, Santiago M. Di Pietro; Mechanism of actin capping protein recruitment and turnover during clathrin-mediated endocytosis. J Cell Biol 1 January 2024; 223 (1): e202306154. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.202306154
Download citation file: