Nuclear lipid droplets (LDs) in hepatocytes are derived from precursors of very-low-density lipoprotein in the ER lumen, but it is not known how cells lacking the lipoprotein secretory function form nuclear LDs. Here, we show that the inner nuclear membrane (INM) of U2OS cells harbors triglyceride synthesis enzymes, including ACSL3, AGPAT2, GPAT3/GPAT4, and DGAT1/DGAT2, and generates nuclear LDs in situ. mTOR inhibition increases nuclear LDs by inducing the nuclear translocation of lipin-1 phosphatidic acid (PA) phosphatase. Seipin, a protein essential for normal cytoplasmic LD formation in the ER, is absent in the INM. Knockdown of seipin increases nuclear LDs and PA in the nucleus, whereas seipin overexpression decreases these. Seipin knockdown also up-regulates lipin-1β expression, and lipin-1 knockdown decreases the effect of seipin knockdown on nuclear LDs without affecting PA redistribution. These results indicate that seipin is not directly involved in nuclear LD formation but instead restrains it by affecting lipin-1 expression and intracellular PA distribution.
Nuclear lipid droplets form in the inner nuclear membrane in a seipin-independent manner
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Kamil Sołtysik, Yuki Ohsaki, Tsuyako Tatematsu, Jinglei Cheng, Asami Maeda, Shin-ya Morita, Toyoshi Fujimoto; Nuclear lipid droplets form in the inner nuclear membrane in a seipin-independent manner. J Cell Biol 4 January 2021; 220 (1): e202005026. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.202005026
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