Regulated secretion is a fundamental cellular process in which biologically active molecules stored in long-lasting secretory granules (SGs) are secreted in response to external stimuli. Many studies have described mechanisms responsible for biogenesis and secretion of SGs, but how SGs mature remains poorly understood. In a genetic screen, we discovered a large number of endolysosomal trafficking genes required for proper SG maturation, indicating that maturation of SGs might occur in a manner similar to lysosome-related organelles (LROs). CD63, a tetraspanin known to decorate LROs, also decorates SG membranes and facilitates SG maturation. Moreover, CD63-mediated SG maturation requires type II phosphatidylinositol 4 kinase (PI4KII)-dependent early endosomal sorting and accumulation of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P) on SG membranes. In addition, the PI4P effector Past1 is needed for formation of stable PI4KII-containing endosomal tubules associated with this process. Our results reveal that maturation of post-Golgi–derived SGs requires trafficking via the endosomal system, similar to mechanisms employed by LROs.
An early endosome–derived retrograde trafficking pathway promotes secretory granule maturation
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Cheng-I J. Ma, Yitong Yang, Taeah Kim, Chang Hua Chen, Gordon Polevoy, Miluska Vissa, Jason Burgess, Julie A. Brill; An early endosome–derived retrograde trafficking pathway promotes secretory granule maturation. J Cell Biol 2 March 2020; 219 (3): e201808017. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201808017
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