Mutations associated with tumor development in certain tissues can be nontumorigenic in others, yet the mechanisms underlying these different outcomes remains poorly understood. To address this, we targeted an activating Hras mutation to hair follicle stem cells and discovered that Hras mutant cells outcompete wild-type neighbors yet are integrated into clinically normal skin hair follicles. In contrast, targeting the Hras mutation to the upper noncycling region of the skin epithelium leads to benign outgrowths. Follicular Hras mutant cells autonomously and nonautonomously enhance regeneration, which directs mutant cells into continuous tissue cycling to promote integration rather than aberrancy. This follicular tolerance is maintained under additional challenges that promote tumorigenesis in the epidermis, including aging, injury, and a secondary mutation. Thus, the hair follicle possesses a unique, enhanced capacity to integrate and contain Hras mutant cells within both homeostatic and perturbed tissue, demonstrating that in the skin, multiple, distinct mechanisms exist to suppress oncogenic growth.
Hair follicle regeneration suppresses Ras-driven oncogenic growth
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Cristiana M. Pineda, David G. Gonzalez, Catherine Matte-Martone, Jonathan Boucher, Elizabeth Lathrop, Sara Gallini, Nathan R. Fons, Tianchi Xin, Karen Tai, Edward Marsh, Don X. Nguyen, Kathleen C. Suozzi, Slobodan Beronja, Valentina Greco; Hair follicle regeneration suppresses Ras-driven oncogenic growth. J Cell Biol 7 October 2019; 218 (10): 3212–3222. doi: https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201907178
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